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The Abuse of Power by Dictators
Amy Jones 09/08/2019 11:02 AM CST

 

The history of man wanting to rule for himself dates back to the ancient days. Man has always had the desire to rule over the others and have full dominion over all flesh and living things around. This innate desire has thus driven many people from various backgrounds to build their own thrones and making many subjects out of other people in the name of rulership. Narrowing down to this subject it is critical to realize that the administration and governance are fundamental in many societies. The difference comes in with the type of governance that a person has over his subjects. Consequently, history has seen many people rule in various styles. While success for each leader differs in significant margins, each rule leaves behind a certain legacy of a kind. In this regard, this paper discusses that abuse of power by dictators in the old days also making a comparison between the past and present societies across the world.

In literature, authoritarianism is also referred to as a dictatorship. Although it may be a traditional term, both of them hold equal significance as they reflect on the concentration of power and authority towards one person or a council. The same defenition has outstanding reference in the legal circles mainly known as a political regime (power that is not limited by any law whatsoever). However, all forms of dictatorship have a common feature whether with positive or negative impact that operate under the single dominance of rule and power. Hence, it can be concluded that dictatorship is all about power and strength. Abuse of power came in at a point where personal gain is put ahead of all other ambitions. It is common understanding that any person in leadership is supposed to work for the better of the majority. Nonetheless, many have centered all efforts taking advantage over any human work force to meet their objectives and expand their territories.

In many cases, dictatorship has been used as a form of leadership and governance. As compared to other leadership styles, it is one aspect that has both pro and cons, which have resulted in the differences between one to another. This means that a dictatorship has been used in the past and resulted to a positive feedback in developing the community. These countries have succeeded due to dictatorship where living standards have been raised even for the common people. On the other hand, there are many other dictators who have failed remarkably due to various incompetence’s and have left ugly legacies due to their negative impact.

The positive input of dictatorship noted in the past has been such as using strict rules to build the community, for instance, engaging people in building projects, farming, and contributing in industrial works. Majority of the dictators, especially during the industrial age, did a lot of agricultural productions through forced labor, which benefited both the rich and poor. However, many other dictators who have failed have also used the same strategies. They have treated the people as slaves even in their own homeland, some being beaten, treated harshly, and even imprisoned. As a result, dictatorship has been known worldly for its negative impact imposed on the people called the ‘evil dictators’.

One of the world renowned leaders known to be a dictator is Saddam Hussein who ruled in Iraq since 1979-2003. For twenty years, Saddam Hussein imposed his rule over the people of Iraq. He did not consider the plight of his subjects, but decided every step on his own each day. The dictator was known for oppressing both the young and old. He sent many of his strong subjects to war, which left many of the sent dead and their families continually sufferring due to his harsh dominance of power. The saddest part of his ruling, which reflected his dictatorship, was the lack of affections and sympathy. He was a man who sent his people to wars that he could never win. Hence, many people suffered endlessly, as wars were all over Iraq, and all because of oil and power.To make matters worse, Saddam Hussein not only caused the deaths of his people but also imposed a lot of costs, which rendered the majority of people into poor.

A lot of evil was also done on his female subjects at his command as the soldiers and men were allowed to take advantage over the women who were severely tortured and molested as well. Such was the height of dictatorship during the reign of Saddam Hussein. He had no interest of improving the people’s welfare. On the contrary, he ensured to use every slightest opportunity he had with his subjects to build his empire. In this case, Saddam Hussein used all authority at his disposal to gain lands and territories that could give him oil and power in Iraq.

The author of 1984, George Orwell illustrates a story of totalitarianism that overruled Americans. In this novel, a clear picture of oppression for the people of America is displayed that caused many of them to live in fear. In this society, the title ‘Big Brother’ quickly compares to that of Saddam Hussein. This name reflected power and authority of the people. In the novel, the author highlights a quote displayed all over the neighborhood “Big Brother is watching you.” This note pushed every person to the edge that they could not think or do anything against the ‘Big Brother’. The oppression was so evident around America, that even the people who had not seen the ‘Big Brother’ were equally scared of ‘him’.

A significant comparison thus arises between the ‘Big Brother’ and Saddam Hussein. The two people represent harsh figures of authority, which are present in the name of protection. For instance, the ‘Big Brother’ is termed as the protector, which has come at the ample time to restore the society and bring in redemption. On the other hand, Saddam Hussein is said to be the supreme highness that all people should be scared always. Subsequently, the people continually worship his power and authority as they live under his rulership. Nonetheless,the same power, which is meant to give them peace and rest pushes them to the edge. In the scenario of Saddam Hussein,the power, with which he should have protected the women and children against the wicked treatment, turned to the inhuman acts against them.

The pictures that come to mind in reflection of both Saddam Hussein regime and the ‘Big Brother’ are equal as they do not bring in a solution but pose higher challenges to humanity. They both mark the times of struggle and repression. If leadership is meant to ensure that welfare of the people is at its best, then it is clear that they both failed. The ‘Big Brother’ as a party leader did not play his role is ensuring that the lives of the people were at their best. The novel 1984 pointed out to a city his high authority and poor living styles. The city is rugged with buildings fallen all over. Electricity and water supplies are all messed up over the city yet it is written across the streets that ‘Big Brother’ is watching you. As compared to Saddam Hussein Iraq, the country he is supposed to be protecting is worked up inside-out because of his wicked dictatorship. Iraq ended up being split into fractions of culture, religion, ethnicity, and class, which in turn introduced a high standard of enmity around.

Dictatorship is today as evident as it was in the past. However, it has taken various forms that relate to the current positioning of the society and modernity. Either it can be in the form of power seeking or an individual addresses it same as an ideology of leadership. Much more often than not, dictatorship today embraces the form of the military rulership, which allows one to be the sole and supreme source of command amongst the military forces in a country or State. The dictator obtains maximum respect and loyalty of the military and in return, the society follows accordingly without opposition.

The first wave of dictatorship in the modern society came in the nineteenth century. At first, this came up when rulership was done by monarchs. At this time, absolute power was given in the form of totalitarianism. Later, it proceded in the days of Hitler, General Francisco, Mussolini, amongst others. Thus, the dictatorship in its negative form was first experienced in the European nations. The same trend spread across the world into the other continents. In the last century, Africa has experienced a serious wave of dictatorship from various presidents who have explored powers given to them by their subjects to their own advantage. Leaders such as Idi Amin have made history because of their ruthless administration systems that left many people wounded, killed, murdered, and women molested severely. His ruthless breath over the African people was still felt even after he had gone to Saudi Arabia into exile.

Again, the world has seen the rise of another dictator in Africa the President of Eritrea, Afewerki. The African leader took over the ruleship once Eriteria obtained its independence. He has ruled for at least ten years. However, the man has so far been known for a reckless drive of the nations, leaving many people dead and millions losing their homes. According to News reports Afewerki triggered an aimless war with Ethiopia that rendered at least 70 000 people dead. The same reckless leadership style has caused this country to become one of the poorest countries in Africa.

King Mswati has also hit the headlines with the disturbing ruleship in Swaziland. The King who began his kingship at teenage established rules that he was personally breaking. Mswati is a man who stands an accusation of crimes against humanity. Despite being the man on the high seat, his poor treatment of women and young girls was shocking. Such are the situations that have rendered Africa to the spotlight in its chapter of dictatorship.

Dictatorship today despite having its unbearable experience has obtained new names and many may not identify it as it was in the past. However, a lot still goes on behind the curtains. For instance, in the face of poor governance and corruption lies the heart of dictatorship. Many presidents have also held on to their thrones with the fear of letting go as they are used to imposing their will on their subjects. It is even sad to realize that in some countries people are still put in prison on cases without evidence or on such grounds as to instill fear in people. However, the world is today embracing a new dawn of freedom and liberty. Many nations are turning away from dictatorship. In the real sense, several dictators have been accused of crimes against humanity, thus causing many leaders to reconsider their forms of governance. Although it may be a long way to redemption, a little progress has been still made in ending the era of dictatorship across the world.
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rubynash 09/19/2019 08:01 AM CST

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