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Domestic Terrorism: Violence in the Workplace and Schools
Mark Rangel 02/11/2020 07:09 AM CST

 

Domestic Terrorism: Violence in the Workplace and Schools

 

The incidents of workplace and school mass violence occur frequently in the United States. The potential tools of violence include a handgun, a shotgun, explosives, and biological or chemical weapons. Every American school and workplace is at risk of mass killings. However, adequate planning and reaction of executives, school staff, law enforcement, and potential victims can prevent injuries and save human lives.

 

Ordinarily, adults are the victims and culprits of workplace mass violence. This fact significantly influences the peculiarities of planning and reaction. A disgruntled employee, domestic violence, or a terrorist attack are the most common reasons for violence’s occurrence at the workplace. Other violent actions in the workplace, such as sexual harassment, intimidation, or stalking, are aimed at a certain person rather than a large number of peoplein the process essay topics. A ban on carrying weapons in the workplace or the dismissal of a problematic employee does not ensure complete safety in the workplace. Thus, the prevention of workplace violence requires more thorough planning.

 

According to the classification of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, four types of workplace violence, which can be minimized with specific preventive actions, exist. Type 1 includes violence committed by criminals who have no connection with the organization. Appropriate training of employees and effective security can protect the organization and its staff from the damages of such people. If the customer or a person connected to the organization commits an unlawful act, it refers to the type 2 of workplace violence. A customer who is dissatisfied with the level of service tends to demonstrate violent reaction. Type 2 violence mainly threatens physicians, nurse practitioners, and nurses in the critical care areas. Well-developed security plans and buddy systems lessen this risk. Former or current employees, or people who are familiar with the employee commit type 3 and type 4 violence, respectively. Effective security plans and response training are helpful in eliminating the above-mentioned types of violence.

 

Employers are responsible for developing clear and fair security plans that involve appropriate discipline measures. In addition, the current employees should engage in regular training sessions. Planning is an undoubtedly difficult process. Zero tolerance towards all threats does not provide the proper basis for an effective plan. Moreover, the security plan should precisely specify that not only physical assault but also intimidation, threats, and bullying refer to the workplace violence. Different workplaces have distinct needs and cultures. Therefore, the plans should fit their working environments.

 

A decent plan consists of the prevention strategies, written procedures for eliminating violence, designated personnel who is liable for the implementation of the plan, crisis response procedures, and the outside resources that would be helpful to the management and employees. In addition, prevention includes interviewing potential workers. A job candidate who demonstrates hostile or defensive behavior and argues that others are guilty of his/her problems can act violently. The management should also pay attention to the current employees who exhibit outbursts of anger, respond abnormally to criticism, or have suicidal inclinations. It is critical to practice the plan and evaluate it on a constant basis.

 

Unlike workplace violence, school violence is more difficult to understand and predict. The exact profile of a student who is inclined to perform brutal actions does not exist. All school shooters are different, and their actions are not always motivated by revenge.

 

Schools and workplaces have some distinctive features. Definitely, there is more control within the school environment. A large number of people enter the school every day. Moreover, school is a learning environment. Despite the above-mentioned differences, the measures for controlling mass violence in workplaces and schools are similar. The implementation of a security plan is essential for the prevention of mass violence in schools.

 

Students and school personnel should be aware of what a threat or violence is. Emergency medical services and local law enforcement officers have to participate in developing an evacuation plan that should be practiced. Designated personnel is responsible for the threats assessment. There are four types of threats: direct, indirect, conditional, and veiled. While a direct threat clearly identifies the aim of violent actions, an indirect one does not indicate when, how, and against whom a violent act will occur. A veiled threat, in its turn, suggests violence but does not necessarily threaten with violence. Lastly, a conditional threat encompasses a violent act that will happen in case a certain demand is not satisfied. Moreover, threat analysis involves the assessment of a level of risk that can be low, high, or medium. Low- and medium-level threats do not pose a significant risk to the victims. Counseling and observation of student can eliminate the potential for such violence. A high-level risk requires the involvement of law enforcement officers since it can endanger human life.

 

A four-step approach to dealing with the school violence includes the analysis students’ personality traits, family, school, and social dynamics. Poor coping skills, alienation, intolerance, frustration, as well as the lack of resiliency, empathy, and trust should be considered during the evaluation of threat. An examination of family dynamics is also an important part of the assessment. Parenting behavior predicts the family climate that influences the development of student’s social skills, self-control, and the ability to follow the rules. Unfavorable school environment and limited social contacts contribute to the violent behavior. In order to respond properly to mass violence, each person should be aware of his/her surroundings. If a violent act occurs, a victim should make a decision quickly. The safest choice is to run or hide but not to fight. A victim should perform actions intensively and without any panic.