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The Social Impact of Autism on Families
AliceHolt 03/23/2020 10:34 AM CST

Autism is a psychological and neurodevelopment disability, which is characterized by motor and speech disorders leading to disruption of social interaction. This disease has a strong influence on the early development of the child and his/her entire life as well as social interaction. As for today, no medical tests can diagnose autism accurately. Clinicians can set the correct diagnosis only by observing the child's behavior and his/her communication with peers, family, and teachers. The current paper seeks to examine the social impact of autism on families with a child suffering from this disorder.

Autism is a disease associated with impaired social adaptation, speech function, and mental development. In the case of early diagnosis of the disorder in children, treatment can bring significant results. The main focus of therapy is training and socializing of the child. As it is not easy to recognize and treat autism, its diagnosis and correction become the primary task of parents. The overall incidence of autism is quite consistent around the globe. This mental condition has no social, ethnic, or racial boundaries. Moreover, the educational level, lifestyle, and family income do not necessarily lead to the occurrence of the disease.

The problems in socialization are also significant. Professionals working with autistic children need to know about the special vulnerability of his/her parents. Families with autistic children are distinguished by the strength of their feelings if compared to those, who have kids with other severe disabilities. Even if there is an alarm, experts usually do not take it into account immediately, assuring that nothing unusual happens. Serious, intelligent eyes of the child and his/her specific abilities outweigh parents’ concerns in regard to his/her difficulties in establishing contact with the surrounding world. Parents are reported that their child, who was considered healthy and gifted, in fact, has learning disabilities.

Families continue to fight for their kids; and from that moment, stress becomes chronic. Autistic children find it hard to get along with each other due to their unusual and complex behavior. It is not easy to find a professional who will undertake to work with the sick child. Moreover, the family with an autistic offspring often lacks moral support of friends and the loved ones. In most cases, people around do not know anything about the problem of childhood autism, and parents find it difficult to explain the reasons for the dysfunctional behavior of their child, his/her whims, and try to ward off accusations of his/her spoiled conduct. Families are usually faced with malevolence and aggressive reaction in public places. They suffer more than families, who have a kid with mental retardation. Stress is the most common if talking about mothers of autistic children. They do not only experience excessive restrictions on personal freedom and time due to the overdependence of their kids but also have very low self-esteem believing that they do not fulfill their maternal role properly. Such self-awareness of a mother of an autistic child is understandable. Children may sometimes not distinguish their parents from other people at all.

A sick child does not express emotions and the joy of communication. Artists cannot share concerns about parents’ hardships and all the fatigue associated with daily care and anxiety. Therefore, families become depressed, irritable, and emotionally exhausted. Fathers also experience feelings of guilt and frustration, but do not talk about it openly as mothers. In addition to this, husbands are concerned about the severity of stress felt by their wives. Material burdens of caring for the sick child are felt more acutely because they are long-lasting, virtually lifelong. Brothers and sisters of these children also experience domestic difficulties, and parents are often forced to sacrifice their interests. In some cases, they may feel deprived of attention and consideration that parents love them less. Sometimes they share family care, mature early, and sometimes go into opposition, forming a protective attitude. Their alienation from their family brings significant pain to parents. They rarely speak, and it is acutely felt within the domestic environment.

The vulnerability of the family with an autistic child is amplified in periods of crises of age and in the moments when the family gets through a certain critical point of its development such as the attendance of the child in preschool, school, and attainment of puberty. The onset of adulthood of a sick family member causes the same stress as the diagnosis. The attempts to provide professional psychological support to such families have recently become crucial. This support must be developed primarily as a kind of assistance to the parents in education and introduction into the life of a child with autism.

The main task is to give families the opportunity to understand what is going on with their kid, help establish the emotional contact with him/her, feel strength, learn to make a difference, and change it for better. Additionally, it is useful for families with autistic children to communicate with each other. They can easily understand each other as they have the unique experience of how to survive the crises, overcome difficulties, and achieve success. Specialist’s awareness, organizational capabilities, and accessibility to material resources can help the family to overcome the state of panic and helplessness, cope with urgent issues, organize consultations with experts working in different fields. Parents need to address problems that are inevitable in the course of ages and social development of children. Although it is impossible to help an autistic child and cure him/her completely, close people have to be always active. As already mentioned, the whole child’s development is distorted, and, therefore, the constant emotional support for families and their desire to move forward together with a sick children are of top priority.

Parents need to demonstrate remarkable patience and consistency in training and educating their autistic child by creating a peaceful environment at home. It is crucial to take care of mental well-being, take breaks to rest, and visit a psychologist for advice on child-rearing. Parents need to adapt their autistic children not only at home but also in the street, kindergarten, and school. Families have to overcome kids’ resistance and unwillingness to communicate persistently but gently. However, they have to explain to their child that it is possible to interact and play with peers as well as to engage in social life.

Parents recognize that their autistic child experiences difficulties in the perception of social cues. Almost all young people with autism can significantly benefit from social skills training. Parents recognize that the social impairment of their child due to the disorder leads to the difficulty in comprehending events that occur in the world. They also lack the ability to predict the future. Therefore, families struggle with anxiety and insecurity as they cannot forecast the course of events. Constant stress and obsession because of uncertainty characterize the behavior of parents regardless of their age, social status, and origin. It is crucial for parents to get uninterrupted access to vital resources that will allow them to cope with autism, challenge stereotypes associated with the disease, and help their child become socialized as autistic become marginalized and isolated without proper support.

Parents are faced with huge physical, financial, and emotional stress while caring for their autistic children. They also feel judged by the public that points out to their guiltiness and incapability to help the loved ones. Children are often missing out, and many families break up as they are tired to live under constant pressure, stress, and uncertainty. Moreover, a massive financial burden is put on them. Autistics suffering from disturbed sleep needs supervision. It is a physically exhausting process that requires patience, time, and effort. Parents become depressive and isolated as they may find no help, support, and consider their own efforts insufficient. They live in a quite stressful environment. Due to the autistic child, the process of socialization becomes complicated for families as not many people in modern society comprehend the mental health issue and the way it has to be addressed. Parents are faced with difficulties at home, and they cannot go out as a family. Caregivers suffer from neglect and strain that have long-term psychological effects. Although it is not always possible, parents desperately need to have a rest, enjoy the activities, and engage in social life as their counterparts.

To summarize, autism is the human inability to form emotional relationships with people around them. It is also a violation of the development, which is characterized by abnormalities in behavior, social interaction, and communication. This mental disorder is expressed in various forms. Unfortunately, autism is an incurable disease. It is still not known whether the disorder is transmitted to future generations since the marriage as well as any other close relationship is potentially impossible for autistic people. Today, clinicians develop many different techniques aimed at producing independence of the sick child and promoting social adaptation skills. Children with severe mental disorders can be taught the basics of nonverbal communication. However, unfortunately, it will not allow an autistic child to become a full-fledged member of modern society. With regard to the tragedy of autism, it is not the disease itself, but prejudices that are associated with the disorder. In reality, this mental health issue does not prevent a sick person from being a part of his/her own family and community.

Alice Holt doesn't like to stand in one place that's why she likes traveling. To have some money for living she works as a freelancer at thee essay store. It is a popular and reliable writing service that offers a wide range of papers.